Without hope, good design is meaningless. Adapting sustainable practices is one way to signal our responsibility to the next generation; recognizing the importance of community building is another. In this issue, we consider both approaches in the context of today’s American landscape. It’s easy to conjure a bright future when we find creative individuals doing impactful work. In Atlanta, a design student’s thesis for reclaiming abandoned railways will one day increase green space in the city by 40 percent and connect disparate communities separated by existing infrastructure; meanwhile, in Indianapolis, a nonprofit is rescuing discarded building materials to make everything from tote bags to bus terminals. In Cincinnati, a young designer is developing a playful practice and a serious ideology spurred by interaction within the local community. Lastly we highlight a Minnesota artist and community activist using large-scale works to engage passersby in a public conversation about civic responsibility.
We visit Eero Saarinen’s Bell Labs in New Jersey, a project that was (and still is) rooted in the idea of community. When it was constructed in the early 1950s, the building’s finishes and materials were sleek and space-age, its monumental spaces dignified and imposing. But it was the communal spaces—the lecture halls, cafeteria, hallways, and event galleries—that fostered the society of scientists and engineers making new discoveries and innovations. Collaboration was built into Saarinen’s programmatic design, and a new team led by architect Alexander Gorlin and Somerset Development is rediscovering that pleasure derived from shared space. It’s a selling point we all recognize: beautiful architecture that’s also social can bring people together to do great things. Demolition was at one time a real possibility for Bell Labs—newly reborn as Bell Works. It’s a sobering reminder of
society’s resistance to reimagining old buildings, though renovation remains one of the best ways to reduce our impact on the environment.
The rescue of a neglected structure is always a gratifying story. Case in point is a late 1970s house in a historic neighborhood of Chicago, where architect Kevin Toukoumidis of dSPACE Studio reordered the dwelling’s existing shell and capitalized on an expansive atrium with a respectful sensitivity to the character of the area’s more traditional homes. In the South Texas border town of McAllen, architect Luis López responded to the region’s social context through a project that’s peacefully contrarian. Renovating an existing home with impressive resourcefulness, he also removed and reused building materials, while keeping others intact, ultimately proving that bold, modern projects can be done affordably. We are proud that our cover story this month is a notable grassroots example of how contemporary Mexican architects are gaining visibility on a wider stage.
We also salute architect Philippe Baumann for his home in the Gowanus area of Brooklyn, New York. This is yet another example of what an extremely resourceful, and accordingly knowledgeable, architect can accomplish in a complex city with byzantine building codes. It’s inspiring to note the loops Baumann was able to find in local zoning laws, as well as the resulting light-filled family residence, replete with verdant outdoor spaces, ensconced within a largely industrial environment. It’s not easy being green in New York, yet Baumann managed it, and in a very sophisticated way. The Merola residence in Rhode Island by architect Andrew Bernheimer is a notable example of going against the grain of the local vernacular style. In Florida, Steve Tetreault and John Pirman tell their story of conceiving a new house in the style of the Sarasota School. Working with architect Michael Epstein, the couple adopted solutions that achieved the look they so admired, while integrating a more resilient and efficient program than the original modernists could have ever imagined.
We end in Decatur, Georgia, where architect William Carpenter’s Lightroom 2.0 stands as an example of responsible development. The mixed-use structure nods to its neighborhood’s history, as well as its future, by offering a space that engages the community without overwhelming it. Recognizing that a three-story structure could appear discordant among tiny 1920s cottages, Carpenter sought to communicate his faith in his growing city’s future. “It shouldn’t be us imposing modernism into this place,” he notes. “Instead, we’re letting it grow from here.”
Amanda Dameron, Editor-in-Chief
firstname.lastname@example.org / @AmandaDameron